ラジオ英会話 Lesson 140 今週のREVIEW


Lesson 136 動詞 -ing 形⑤ 動詞句・名詞を説明する動詞 -ing 形

You look a little tired. What happened?
I spent all morning cleaning up my room. My relatives are coming to our house tomorrow.
I see. How many people are coming?
About ten. We’re having a Halloween party tomorrow. My mother and I will make pumpkin cookies.
Pumpkin cookies? I’ve never heard of that tradition for Halloween.
It’s a tradition in our family. I love to eat them on Halloween. If you want to try some, please come to our house tomorrow. The person wearing the witch’s costume will be … me!
Ha ha! OK, that sounds great! So I’ll drop by tomorrow, and I’ll wear a costume too.
Terrific. See you tomorrow.

Pick-Up Phrases


Lesson 137 動詞 -ing 形⑥ 文を説明する動詞 -ing 形(分詞構文の基本)

Welcome back to our culture show. I’m Robert Simpson.
And I’m Akina Hayakawa.
Akina, you went to a special event last night.
Yes, it was so exciting to be at the Momiji Literature Awards ceremony. And the winner of the Gold Award, Yuki Yamada, is one of my favorite young authors.
Her book Island Dream is already a bestseller. But after this award, I’m sure many more people will want to read it.
Ms. Yamada is also a very good speaker. She accepted the prize, smiling happily. Then she thanked all her fans and talked about why she wrote the book.


Pick-Up Phrases

Lesson 138 動詞 -ing 形⑦ 文を説明する動詞 -ing 形(発展的分詞構文)

Hey, Bill, how was your business trip to New York?
It went well, thanks.
Did you have a hot dog and New York-style pizza?
Yes, I did, but I ate too much. I think I gained two kilos.
You went with Pamela, the marketing director, right?
Right. It was her second trip to the Big Apple. Having visited New York before, she knew some really good restaurants.
Oh, did you buy any souvenirs?
Yes, I got a Yankees baseball cap for my son. He’s a huge baseball fan.


Pick-Up Phrases

Lesson 139 動詞 -ing 形⑧ 文を説明する動詞 -ing 形(ドラマチックな使い方)

Ms. Jones, I’d like to ask you a few questions.
Of course, detective. I’ll do my best to answer them.
OK. Where were you on the evening of October 26th?
I was at the opera until around 10:00. Then I took a taxi home. Getting out of the taxi, I heard a woman screaming. I was very frightened.
What happened when you entered your house?
When I opened the front door, I was shocked to see a body lying on the floor. I immediately called the police.
Thank you very much, Ms. Jones. You’ve been very helpful.


Pick-Up Phrases







footsteps : 足音
behind me :
follow :  あとについていく


動詞 -ing 形から始まったこの文、「歩いているとき何が起こったんだろう」と緊張感が高まります。「聞こえる」は hear を使います。向こうから音が飛び込んでくる感じの単語です。

seemed like ...は「~のように見えた」。like の後がフルセンテンスであることに注意しましょう。過去進行形 was following が使われています。
次の文、not knowing what to do は「理由」を表しています。「なにをすべきかわからなかったので、」。wh 語と to 不定詞のコンビネーション what to ...(何を~すべきか)にも注意。keep on ...は「~し続ける」。前置詞の目的語は動詞 -ing 形ですね。

finally は「とうとう」。 got home は家に帰る・家に着く。最後の it は the guy を指す表現ではなく、一連の出来事全体を受けて「お父さんだったんですよ」と述べています。


returning home は「家に帰る」。home は「家に」、副詞的に使うことができます。returning home と分詞構文にすることによって同時に何が起こったのか興味をかき立てます。ここでは sense (感づく)が目的語説明型で使われています。「 somebody = coming up behind me(近づいてきている)ことに気がついた」ということ。

fear (恐れる)を分詞構文で使って「恐れたので」。 mugger は「強盗」。 might は「ひょっとして~かもしれない」。I started 以降では walking much more quickly が start の目的語として使われています。

最初の文は、reaching home(家に到着する)→ I dared to turn round(思い切って振り返る)と、時系列に沿った流れを作っています。 dare to ...は「思い切って~する」。the person folowing me は名詞の修飾。The person(その人は)と言い切ってから「わたしについてきてたのは、ね」と詳しく説明を加える呼吸です。wave は「手を振る」。

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